1. Untrue. Something which causes an effect has an effect; it effects something else. Whether it has an affect is much more complex. Even to say something "affects" is anthropomorphization; 'affects' involve both appearence and intention.

  2. Who is a subject, and whom is an object. "The manager promoted Jenkins" can become "The manager promoted whom?" It's still correct if the order is changed: "Whom did the manager promote?"

  3. Except for when affect is also a noun. I work in mental health and a person’s affect is how their mood is presenting that day. Not super common, but definitely an additional confusing factor for me!

  4. You affect the effect. Remember that sentence and remember that those 2 words are in alphabetical order in it

  5. I think most native English speaker's errors like your/you're or their/they're/there are really easy to get for foreigners

  6. Think of it like this: you can apply ownership to effect, but not to the verb affect. He had an effect on climate change, not, he had an affect on climate change. Conversely, he can affect climate change, not, he can effect climate change

  7. Try “practice” and “practise” on for size. For the longest time I literally didn’t even know they were two different words and I always assumed it depended on where the person wrote it is from. The way Americans use “z” instead of “s” in many words.

  8. Umm, actually, a factor affecting something causes an effect. The effect is the result of the action, not the other way around.

  9. I think it might be easier for those of us who have English as a second language. Since the translations of affect and effect in my language sound completely different I never mix them up.

  10. An effect is a solitary thing. While affect requires something to affect. At least, that’s kind of how I manage those words.

  11. I agree that these are the most difficult words to distinguish when you're writing but then they're most annoying when reading and they've been used incorrectly. I think than and then is the only one that annoys me more. But it's weird that when I'm reading I can spot something sus so easily. But then when I'm writing I'll do things that annoy me like using there instead of their or than and then incorrectly and not even noticing my mistake until reading it back later

  12. Honestly I've learned so much from video games it's unreal. I understand it in the AOE aspect. Everything else, good luck self lol

  13. I’ve spent most of my career in writing and editing roles, and I still have trouble with them. It’s not just that the words are similar, but the meanings are similar.

  14. Yes, I think you're right! Usually I can figure out a pattern like "a comes before e" to remember something. But the meanings, I just get a headache. Everyone is trying to explain it super nice and easy. But my comprehension is being stubborn

  15. They have completely different functions in a sentence. I don't understand why so many native speakers cannot tell the difference between them. Stress, pronunciation... How?

  16. I pronounce both pen and pin the same, and only found out a few years ago they had a difference pronunciation. Same with affect and effect. I didn't realize they had a difference pronunciation. I have a lisp thanks to an open bite maybe that's why I struggle I don't know.

  17. I'm 25 and I still can't figure out which to use in what circumstance. I've just been too lazy to look it up too. I don't even know if I'd believe somebody trying to correct me because they'd probably give me the wrong answer too.

  18. Best thing about English; nobody else really knows for certain. Take a guess and with enough confidence you're suddenly correct because people just assumed you already knew you were. We've made up and lost words by this very mechanism hundreds of times. He'll, we lost a few letters even.

  19. The similarity and parallel (and the difficulty in distinguishing them) is not a coincidence. Unlike they're/their/there, they are not merely homophones. The difference is downright duplicitous, and goes to the root of metaphysics and consciousness.

  20. I STILL can’t get them right. I am 26 yo, and same boat as you. I am great with other grammar but those two words get me confused all the time.

  21. College composition professor taught me something very useful. Drop affect and effect from your vocabulary. Use "impact" for both instead. Done.

  22. I honestly find then and than worse. Like I can work affect and effect through my head if I try but deciding between then and than is typically me staring at it going "that's not the right one" with no clue why...but feeling right on what I end up on 😅

  23. Just remember boys and girls, the one that starts with an "A" is the verb.. I hope this affects your memory banks... The effects can be short term unfortunately. 🙂

  24. Affluent and effluent make sense because the mean the opposite. Effect and affect can fuck off. I started seeing affect pop up recently in forums and the like too.

  25. I always have to say this Grammar Girl saying to remind me, "The arrow Affected the Aardvark, the Effect was devastating." Or something like that, I don't remember it exactly, but it serves its purpose.

  26. You know it's hard to understand the difference when it's difficult to find grammar nazis trying to correct people on it despite how often people use it incorrectly

  27. I think that accept and except are worse - not because it is hard to remember which is which, but because if you mess it up, it almost reverses the meaning of your sentence. I used speech to text the other day, and it swapped “excepted” for “accepted”. Doesn’t make sense, but it made me feel like an idiot.

  28. I just learned more about grammar, election3, and gaming in one go than I learned about grammar all through school. Impressive.

  29. These are the things that make me grateful my first language is English. Imagine coming from a logical language and trying to learn this jerryrigged pigeon garbage masquerading as a language- Ive been an ELS tutor- spent a lot of time apologizing TBH

  30. My first language is Spanish, but at 5, my language became English. I know that effect is an end result and affect is an action, but that’s about it. In context, I never know, so just guess and hope my grammar tool corrects me.

  31. Bruh I am not even a native english speaker and I not once confused those words. It's same with capitol and capital. First one is a building, it's not hard to remember a single damn letter.

  32. Damnit, I was trying to work out how to describe the difference but now I've said both words so many times that neither of them means anything to me anymore. I agree with op. Despite usually knowing the difference, they're a shit pair of words.

  33. I have English as my second language and I don't get how your issue cannot be solved with a quick Google search. The meanings are pretty straightforward

  34. Special effects affect how films are made. It's not that difficult imho (native spanish speaker btw, get you shit together).

  35. Every time I have to write it in an email or report I IM my colleague Trevor. He’s smart and knows how to use them correctly. Next time, just IM Trevor.

  36. Effect is a thing (personal effects). Affect is a process (covid affected my lungs). If you know their, there, they're, this is just as simple.

  37. Same here honestly when it comes the time to use either word, I use my intuition. Whatever my brain tells me is what I put 😂 then look it up to see if it makes any sense.

  38. Affect is a verb, or an action. Effect is a noun, or an effect. Affect is used like “Eating only fast foods affect your physical and mental health”, while effect is used like “An effect of only eating fast foods is a degradation in physical and mental health.”

  39. Affect is generally a verb and effect is a noun. The only time affect is a noun is when talking about facial expressions i.e. "flat affect"

  40. An effect exists, affect is happening. Sometimes i just dont give enough fucks, but the rules sre simple enough if you care about them.

  41. I'm someone who was good at spelling most of my early life and still used 'effect' as a verb for most of my life until a few years ago when I realized it was supposed to be affect.

  42. The word ‘impact’ can most of the time be used in place of either. Something is impacted by something else, or it impacts something else.

  43. Due to the effect of the financial crisis, the affected people cannot afford housing these days.

  44. I always remember special effects and affectations. Special effects are the result of a computer program. Affectations are what you do to affect how other people see you.

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